Vitamins, Minerals and Normal Blood Glucose Regulation

This is part of our ongoing The Best Kept Secrets to Healthy Aging spotlight. Each day, we will be posting some of the great information that’s packed into our book, The Best Kept Secrets to Healthy Aging.

Today’s topic:
Vitamins, Minerals and Normal Blood Glucose Regulation

Chromium is an absolutely vital cofactor that allows insulin to effectively stimulate the transfer of glucose from the blood into cells. The functions of chromium are so important that the US Food and Drug Administration has reviewed the evidence on chromium picolinate and allowed a qualified health claim on products containing this form of chromium stating that chromium picolinate may reduce the risk of insulin resistance and therefore, may possibly reduce the risk of type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes.

In addition to chromium, adequate magnesium intake is required for maintenance of stable blood sugar levels. As dietary magnesium intake goes up, the efficiency of glucose storage by muscle cells increases. This principle was demonstrated in the results of a study published recently in which elevated magnesium status was associated with healthy blood sugar control in children.33 Of course, the healthier our blood sugar management is, the healthier we will be. The link between healthy magnesium nutrition and healthy blood glucose regulation is underscored by the results of analyses of the data obtained from the 85,060 female nurses participating in the Nurses’ Health Study, the 39,345 women participating in the Women’s Health Study and the 42,872 men participating in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study – those individuals who regularly consumed at least 400 mg of magnesium daily had significantly better blood sugar regulation in conjunction with their dietary practices.34,35

In addition to chromium and magnesium, the little-known trace mineral vanadium also plays important roles in supporting healthy blood sugar levels as a part of the diet. In humans, dietary supplementation with vanadium supports glucose metabolism in muscle cells – promoting normally healthy blood glucose regulation.

Next Best Kept Secrets to Healthy Aging topic:
Vitamins, Minerals and the Immune System

33. Huerta MG, Roemmich JN, Kington ML, Bovbjerg VE, Weltman AL, Holmes VF, Patrie JT, Rogol AD, Nadler JL. Magnesium deficiency is associated with insulin resistance in obese children. Diabetes Care 2005;28:1175-1181.
34. Song Y, Ridker PM, Manson JE, Cook NR, Buring JE, Liu S. Magnesium intake, C-reactive protein, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older U.S. women. Diabetes Care 2005;28:1438-1444.
35. Lopez-Ridaura R, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Liu S, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Hu FB. Magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women. Diabetes Care 2004;27:134-140.

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